Single-tactic approaches to pathogen or pest management often fail due to resistance development, governmentFigure 1 regulations, unintended non-target environmental consequences, and costs.  Researchers in the department are engaged in developing and disseminating comprehensive systems approaches that include multiple tactics such as chemical, biological, mechanical, physical, and cultural methods to combat destructive pests and diseases in natural and managed ecosystems including conventional, sustainable and organic agriculture, biofuel crops, horticulture, forestry, production nurseries, turf grass, human structures, and animal production units.
 
Figure 1: The department disseminates research-based information on systems approaches.