​​The team is developing a tool that will revolutionize plant metabolic engineering by using a large scale DNA synthesis strategy. We are developing synthetic chloroplast genomes, called "synplastomes." Rather than introducing or editing genes individually inside the plant cell, the we will synthesize a complete chloroplast genome in the laboratory that can be readily modified and then introduced into the plant. The ​synplastomes are expected to result in an extremely high expression of desired genes and will lack transgene positional effects, meaning improved consistency of trait expression. To ensure broader adoption and utilization of this technology, an editable synplastome will be generated that will feature standard genome editing sites and will allow for modification by researchers using standard, cost-effective techniques. The team's work in synthetic biology could significantly advance the field of plant metabolic engineering and help produce a path toward more economical, sustainable bio-based products.​