A motto of sports turf managers is safety first. A smooth, uniform sports turf is resilient and cushions student and professional athletes as they fall. Turfgrass wear and soil compaction are two major challenges. The intensity level and annual cost of managing a sports field in Tennessee varies depending on location, weather, soil type, turfgrass species, pest activity, sport and amount of play. In addition to requiring vigorous, routine maintenance, sports fields must be well drained and irrigated.