12th Biennial Short Rotation Woody Crops Operations Working Group Conference,

July 23-25, 2018Rhinelander, Wisconsin, USA


Sunday, July 22, 2018


Pre-Conference Field Tours:


Host: Bernie McMahon, University of Minnesota - Natural Resources Research Institute (UN-NRRI)

Poplar Breeding and Development Program,

  • Minnesota Power Property
  • University of Minnesota North Central Research and Outreach Center
    • Legacy Plantings
    • Clonal Stool Beds and Preservation (Coppice)
    • Progeny Trial​

Monday, July 23, 2018


Pre-Conference Field Tours:

  • University of Minnesota - Natural Resources Research Institute (UN-NRRI)
  • USDA Forest Service, Northern Research Station, Institute for Applied Ecosystem Studies, Rhinelander WI​

Tuesday, July 24, 2018

Welcome and Opening Remarks

  • Bob Martini, Nicolet College Board of Trustees, Nicolet College
  • Ron Zalesny, USDA Forest Service and SRWCOWG Chair​

Plenary Sessions

Moderator: Jim Richardson, Poplar and Willow Council of Canada

  • Barb Thomas,  Current Trends and Challenges in North American Poplar Breeding
  • Andrej Pilipović, Investigation of Phytoremediation Potential of Poplar and Willow Clones in Serbia: A Review​

Moderator: Bill Headlee, University of Arkansas at Monticello, USA

  • Joris Van Acker, Potential for the Agricultural Sector to Produce Poplar Wood as Contribution to the Forestry Wood Industry Chain
  • Biljana Kulišić, Reaching Economic Feasibility of SRC Plantations by Monetarizing Ecosystem Services: Showcase Contribution of SRC to Long-term Ragweed ​​​Control in the City of Osijek, Croatia​​                        

Technical Sessions


Genetics and Physiology  

Moderator: Raju Soolanayakanahally, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada

  • Carlos Gantz, Genetic parameter estimates for coppiced hybrid poplar bioenergy trials
  • Eric Fabio, Genetic and environmental effects on variability in first rotation shrub willow bark and wood elemental composition
  • Yue Hu, Is hybrid vigor possible in native balsam poplar breeding?
  • Jennifer Riehl, Uncovering the genetic architecture of growth-defense tradeoffs in a foundation forest tree species 


Moderator: Ian McIvor, Plant and Food Research, New Zealand

  • Ron Zalesny, The Great Lakes Restoration Initiative: Reducing runoff from landfills in the Great Lakes Basin, USA
  • Rich Hallett, Evaluating poplar genotypes for future success: Can phyto-recurrent selection assessment techniques be simplified?
  • Elizabeth Rogers, Survival and growth of poplars grown in soils amended with fibercake residuals from paper and containerboard production
  • Andrej Pilipović, Growth and physiological responses of three poplar clones grown on soils artificially contaminated with heavy metals, diesel fuel, and herbicides
  • Tim Volk, Changes in foliar nutrient status of shrub willow cultivars growing as an evapotranspiration cover on a former industrial site
  • Raju Soolanayakanahally, Mitigating the downstream effects of excess soil phosphorus through cultivar selection and increased foliar resorption
  • Ron Zalesny, Survival and growth of poplars and willows grown for phytoremediation of fertilizer residues​

Stakeholders, Bioproducts, Harvesting and Logistics

Moderator: Brian Stanton, GreenWood Resources, USA

  • Noelle Hart, Stakeholder assessment of poplar’s feasibility as a feedstock and ecosystem services provider in rural Washington
  • Patricia Townsend, Barriers and opportunities for use of short-rotation poplar for the production of fuels and chemicals 
  • Don Rockwood, Short rotation eucalypts: opportunities for bioproducts
  • Daniel de Souza, Variability of harvester performance depending on phenotypic attributes of short rotation willow crop in New York State
  • Obste Therasme, Cover protection affects fuel quality and natural drying of mixed leaf-on willow and poplar woodchip piles​                       

Wednesday, July 25, 2018


Biomass Production

Moderator: Patricia Townsend, Washington State University, USA

  • Marzena Niemczyk, Growth patterns and productivity of hybrid aspen clones in northern Poland
  • Brian Stanton, The economics of rapid multiplication of elite hybrid poplar biomass varieties: expediting the delivery of genetic gains
  • Richard Shuren, The biomass production calculator:  A decision tool for hybrid poplar feedstock producers and investors
  • Jesus Espinoza, AHB Growth and yield of hybrid poplar mono-varietal production blocks for biofuel production
  • Solomon Ghezehei Poplar productivity as affected by physiography and growing conditions in the southeastern USA
  • Scott Hillard, Hybrid poplar stock type impacts height, DBH, and estimated total dry weight at eight years in a hybrid poplar plantation network at multiple sites​


Ecosystem Services  

Moderator: Solomon Ghezehei, North Carolina State University, USA

  • Ian McIvor, Tree willow root growth in sediments varying in texture
  • Jules Cacho, Environmental benefits of shrub willow as bioenergy strips in an intensively managed agricultural system
  • Todd Rosenstiel, Quantifying the unknown: the importance of field measurements and genotype selection in mitigating the atmospheric impacts of poplar cultivation
  • Obste Therasme, Greenhouse gas and energy balance of willow biomass crops are impacted by prior land use and distance from end-users

Closing Remarks

Ron Zalesny, USDA Forest Service and SRWCOWG Co-Chair


Poster Session

  • Chung Ho Lin, Developing Phytoremediation Technology using Pseudomonas putida and Poplar for Restoring Petroleum-contaminated Sites
  • ​​Amanda Foust, Comparison of Statistical Techniques for Evaluating Fiber Composition of Early Rotation Pine and Hardwood Trees for the Production of Cellulose
  • Rich Hallett, Freshkills Anthropogenic Succession Study: Phase I: Deer Cafeteria Study
  • Scott Hillard, Adapting an Aspen Short Rotation Yield Model to Represent Hybrid Poplar Yield for Regional Hybrid Poplar Production Estimation
  • Bill Headlee, Potential Biomass Production of Four Cottonwood Clones Planted at Two Densities in the Arkansas River Valley, USA
  • ​​Neil Nelson, Growth Performance and Stability of Hybrid Poplar Clones in Simultaneous Tests on Six Sites in Minnesota, USA
  • ​​Neil Nelson, Genetic Development, Evaluation, and Outreach for Establishing Hybrid Poplar Biomass Feedstock Plantations in the Midwestern United States
  • ​​Elizabeth Rogers, Citizen Science in the Greenhouse: A Phytoremediation Case Study.​

11th Biennial Short Rotation Woody Crops Operations Working Group Conference
October 11-13, 2016 in Ft. Pierce, Florida
Tuesday, October 11, 2016

Pre-Conference Field Tours
  • Florida Grown Specialties 
  • Eucalyptus Clutivar Nursery  
  • Eucalyptus Tissue Culture Laboratory
  • Corymbia Torelliana Seed Orchard
Wednesday, October 12, 2016
Opening Remarks
  • Randy Rousseau, Mississippi State University and SRWCOWG Co-Chair
  • Pat Minogue, University of Florida
Opening Plenary Session  
  • Matt Langholtz, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Billion-Ton Update [Slides]  
Economic, Environmental, & Social Values

Moderator: Marilyn Buford, US Forest Service 
  • Robert Radics, Use of multi-attribute decision support system to compare the social, environmental, and economic impacts of using woody feedstocks for pellet production [Abstract]
  • Kyle Fabbro, Optimal Management and Productivity of Eucalyptus grandis on Former Phosphate Mined and Citrus Lands in Central And Southern Florida: Influence of Genetics and Spacing [Abstract]
  • Matt Langholtz, Economic and environmental analysis of tree crops on marginal lands in Florida [Abstract][Slides]
Economic, Environmental, & Social Values

Moderator: Lynn Wright, WrightLink Consulting
  • Timothy Young, A spatially explicit economic analysis of Eucalyptus benthamii for short-rotation biomass in the Southern United States [Abstract][Slides]  
  • Patricia Townsend, A roadmap to the dual benefits of poplar: A bioenergy crop and a wastewater management tool [Abstract]
  • Ronald Zalesny, Ecosystem services of rotation-age hybrid poplars used for phytoremediation [Abstract][Slides]
  • Daniel de Souza, Nutrient removal in willow biomass harvested in Northern New York [Abstract]
  • Menberu Bitew, Modeling hydrologic impacts of intensive woody biomass feedstock production in the southeastern U.S. [Abstract] 
  • Robert Froese, Tradeoffs for environmental sustainability: Water yield and poplar yield when deploying biomass production in the Northern Great Lakes Region [Abstract] [Slides]
  • Sheng Yang, Spatial life cycle assessment (LCA) of future short-rotation willow biomass crops in 5 counties in northern New York [Abstract]
Feedstock Harvesting, Processing, Upgrading & Stabilization

Moderator: Fei Pan, Michigan State University
  • Jaya Tumuluru, Grinding, drying, and densification characteristics of lodgepole pine and eucalyptus biomass [Abstract]  
  • Zach Carter, A traditional ground-based system for woody biomass harvesting in short rotation woody crops (SRWC) plantations - a case study in Michigan [Abstract]
  • Daniel de Souza, Determining the effects of felling method and season of year on coppice regeneration [Abstract][Slides]
  • Kevin Hall, Modeling the production of short-rotation Eucalyptus species for biomass in the southeastern United States [Abstract]
  • Yingqian Lin, Willow harvesting used a small-scale system in Michigan [Abstract]
  • Tim Rials, Characterization of hybrid poplar properties: Preliminary results [Abstract][Slides]
  • Dana Mitchell, In-field transport of woody crops [Abstract][Slides]
  • Rafael Santiago, Coppicing evaluation in the southeast of the U.S. to determine harvesting methods [Abstract][Slides]
Thursday, October 13, 2016


Moderator: Ron Zalesney, US Forest Service
  • Donald Rockwood, Status of eucalyptus tree improvement in Florida [Abstract][Slides]
  • Kyung-Hwan Han, Advanced biomass tree crop technology [Abstract]
  • William Headlee, Difference among and within poplar genotypes for cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin concentrations [Abstract][Slides]
  • Raymond Miller, Premature selection and inadequate testing of willow biomass varieties results in significant losses for growers [Abstract] [Slides]
  • Randy Rousseau, Black willow selection and performance in Mississippi [Abstract][Slides]
Production Systems

Moderator: Tim Rials, University of Tennessee
  • Alexander Ewald, Fertilizer, density, and weed management practices to optimize poplar productivity in coastal North Carolina, U.S.A.[Abstract]
  • Solomon Ghezehei, Early survival and growth of poplars grown on North Carolina Piedmont and mountain marginal lands [Abstract]
  • Timothy Volk, Changes in willow biomass production over multiple rotations [Abstract]
  • Jeff Wright, Eucalypt tree improvement and clonal deployment in guangxi, China [Abstract][Slides]
  • Maliwan Haruthaithanasan, Eucalyptus production in Thailand [Abstract][Slides]

Wrap Up with Conference Summary
Randy Rousseau, Mississippi State University & Tim Rials, The University of Tennessee

Poster Session

10th Biennial Short Rotation Woody Crops Operations Working Group Conference
July 17-19, 2014 in Seattle, Washington
Friday, July 18, 2014
Opening Remarks
  • Lynn Wright, WrightLink Consulting and SRWCOWG Chair
  • Patricia Townsend , Washington State University
Opening Plenary Session  
  • Jeff Nuss, Greenwood Resources, Growing the Future with SRWC
  • Patricia Townsend, Advanced Hardwood Biofuels Northwest: Renewable Biofuels for the Pacific Northwest [Slides]
Tree Improvement Programs

Moderator: Jeff Wright, ArborGen, Inc. 
  • Lawrence Smart, Breeding Triploid Hybrids of Shrub Willow with Improved Yield and Biomass Composition [Slides
  • Daniel Keathly, Assessment of Silver Maple (Acer Saccharinum) Seed Sources for Biomass Production in Northern Michigan
  • Randy Rousseau, Hybrid poplar: Can they survive in the Lower Mississippi Alluvial Valley [Slides]
  • Jeffery Kallestad, Vole and Deer Feeding Preferences for Conal Variants of Poplar: A Role for NIR Spectroscopy in Predicting Consumption Based on Known and Unknown Compounds in Foliage and Bark
  • Jeff Wright, Hybrid Sweetgum in the Southeastern United States [Slides]
SRWC Production Alternatives

Moderator: Ron Zalesny, US Forest Service
  • Tim Rials, The IBSS Partnership: Advancing Energy Crop Supply Systems in the Southeastern United States [Slides]
  • Bill Berguson, Development of Yield Estimates of Short Rotation Poplar and Mapping of U.S. Poplar Yield Potential [Slides]
  • William Headlee, Using Process-Based Modeling to Inform SRWC Species Selection and Management in the Southeastern USA [Slides]
  • Fred Gouker, Yield and Biomass Quality of Shrub Willow Hybrids in Differing Rotation Lengths and Row [Slides]
  • Kurt Johnsen, Designs Growth, Photosynthesis, Cold Tolerance, and Survival of Eucalyptus benthamii Planted in the Piedmont of North Carolina
Management & Care of SRWC

Moderator: Rick Stonex, GreenWood Resources, Inc.
  • Gary Kling, Evaluation of Short Rotation Woody Plant Performande at the Univeristy of Illinois Planting density effects on biomass growth of hybrid poplar clones in Michigan: A sixth-year update
  • Kevin Hall, A growth and yield model for the Eucalyptus benthamii in the Southeastern United States [Slides]
  • Raymond Miller, Planting density effects on biomass growth of hybrid poplar clones in Michigan: A sixth-year update [Slides]
Harvest and Handling of Short Rotation Woody Crops

Moderator: John Posselius, CNH Industrial America LLC
  • Justin Heavey, Commercial production and harvesting of shrub willow crops in New York State [Slides]
  • Shun Shi, Evaluation of a New Holland single-pass, cut-and-chip harvest system on commercial-scale short-rotation shrub willow plantations in central New York State [Slides]
  • Dana Mitchell, Harvesting Trials and Coppice Response of Three Hardwood SRWCs [Slides]
Saturday, July 19, 2014
Sustainability of Short Rotation Woody Crops: Environmental & Social Benefits

Moderator: Mark Coleman, University of Idaho
  • Alistair McCracken, Impact of biomass renewable energy on AFBI research station  
  • Natalie Griffiths, Environmental sustainability of woody biomass production for bioenergy in the southeastern United States
  • Ron Zalesny, Contrasting Ecosystem Services of Hybrid Poplar and White Pine in the Upper-Midwest, USA [Slides]
  • Danielle Kloster, Using RUSLE2 to Model Soil Erosion Potential for Shrub Willow [Slides]
Economics of Short Rotation Woody Crops

Moderator: Michael Jacobson, Pennsylvania State University
  • Laurence Eaton, Enhanced National Feedstock Supply Modeling of Woody Crops for Bioenergy and Bioproducts [Slides]
  • Nathan Parker, Evaluation of the economics of drop-in biofuel production from coppiced poplar grown on suitable rangeland and cropland in the Pacific Northwest [Slides]
  • Michael Jacobson, Economically Marginal Lands for Planting Energy Crops
20 years of SRWCOWG: Looking Back - Lynn Wright, WrightLink Consulting & SRWCOWG Chair [Slides]
Poster Session
AHB Tours
  • Advanced Hardwood Biofuels Northwest Pilchuck Field Tour

9th Biennial Short Rotation Woody Crops Operations Working Group Conference
November 5-8, 2012 in Oak Ridge, Tennessee
The conference organizers express their sincere thanks to all of the people listed below who provided excellent quality presentations and posters. This very successful conference was attended by 82 people of which 46% represented academic researchers, 30% represented government researchers, and 20% represented industry researchers and managers.  About 90% of the posters and presentations given at the meeting can be obtained via the links below.
Tuesday, November 6, 2012
Opening Remarks
  • Mark Downing, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  • Tim Rials, The University of Tennessee 
Opening Plenary Session

Moderator: Mark Downing, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  • Bob Emory, Weyerhaeuser Company, National Wood to Energy Roadmap [Slides]
  • Jose Zerpa, Greenwood Resources, Growing Trees for Fun and Profit
  • Jerry Tuskan, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, New Technology for New Markets [Slides

Opportunities and Hurdles for Genetically Engineered Tree Crops

Moderator: Randy Rousseau, Mississippi State University 
  • Maud Hinchee, Freeze Tolerant Eucalyptus: Opportunities and Challenges  
  • CJ Tsai, Wood quality and stress tolerance – can we have both? The promise and challenge of gene multiplicity in the post-genomics era
  • Gary Peter, Opportunities and Challenges Associated with Genetically Engineered Southern Pines 
  • Rick Meilan, Poplar as an Energy Crop: A View from Indiana [Slides]

Markets and Economics of SRWC

Moderator: Jeff Wright, ArborGen Inc.
  • Tim Volk, The Potential Impact of Improving Production and Harvesting Systems and Implementing Incentive Programs on the Economics of Willow Biomass Crops [Slides]
  • Matthew Langholtz, Harvest Scheduling of Eucalyptus spp. In Florida for Economic and Environmental Optimization [Slides
  • Bill Berguson, Poplar Production Costs, Opportunity Costs and Economics of Liquid Fuels Production [Slides
  • Laurence Eaton, Evaluating the Impact of Feedstock Quality on Delivered Cost: Two Case Studies from the US Southeast Region [Slides]
  • Jeff Wright, Eucalyptus Plantations in Florida USA: Economic Analysis of Current and Potential Uses [Slides]

Production Systems for SRWC  (Part 1 - Poplars, Willows, Aspen)

Moderator: Matt Langholtz, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  • Jose Zerpa, Hybrid Poplar as a Bioenergy Feedstock for the Pacific Northwes [Slides
  • Theodor Leininger, Developing Biomass Crop Production Systems for Eastern Cottonwood and Black Willow in the Lower Mississippi Alluvial Valley [Slides
  • Gary Kling, Woody Perennial Feedstock Evaluation at the Energy Biosciences Institute [Slides
  • William Headleea, Effects of Topographic Position and Fertilizer Rate on the Early Growth of Hybrid Aspen ‘Crandon’ Alleycropped with Winter Triticale Near Ames, IA [Slides
  • Glen Stanosz, What You Don’t Know CAN Hurt You: Why Disease-induced Catastrophe Threatens Short-rotation, Intensive-culture Woody Crop Production Systems

Genetics and Tree Improvement Strategies (Pines, Poplars, Willows, Other Species)

Moderators: Tim Tschaplinski, Oak Ridge National Laboratory & Jerry Tuskan, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  • Michelle Serapiglia presenting for Lawrence Smart, Genomic and Mapping Resources for the Genetic Improvement of Shrub Willow Feedstock Crops [Slides
  • Randall Rousseau, Improvement of Black Willow in the Lower Mississippi Alluvial Valley [Slides
  • Bijay Tamang, Genetic Improvement of Cottonwood and Hybrid Poplar Clones for Short Rotation Woody Crop Systems [Slides]
  • Jared M LeBoldus, Screening Hybrid Poplar for Resistance to Septoria musiva: Greenhouse to Field Correlations Using a Novel Inoculation Procedur [Slides
  • Kurt Johnsen, Can Light Efficient Ideotypes of Loblolly Pine be Used to Produce High Productivity Short Rotation Bioenergy Plantations?
Poster Session
  • Idenifying Superior Poplar Clones for the Production of Biofuel in Michigan                      
    Paul Bloese, Raymond Miller, Daniel Keithley
  • Black Willow (Salix nigra Marsh.) Tree Improvement in the Development of a Biomass Species for Marginal Agricultural Land in the Lower Mississippi Alluvial Valley
    B. Landis Herrin, Randall Rousseau, Jake Camp
  • Development and Testing of the EPS Whole Tree Harvester
    L. David Ostlie 2012 EPS Harvester_Ostlie.pdf
  • Challenging Change: Shifting Pest Pressures in Biomass Production
    R. Andrew Rodstrom, Alejandro I. Del Pozo, John J. Brown
  • Harvesting, Storing and Processing Woody Crop Plantations with a Biobaler
    Philippe Savoie, François-Simon Robert, Pierre Luc Hébert
  • Species Trials of Short Rotation Woody Crops on a Wastewater Application Fields in North Carolina, USA
    Shawn Dayson Shifflett, Dennis Hazel, Elizabeth Guthrie Nichols
  • Hybrid Poplar Production Using Energy Performance Systems Injection Tree Planter
    Lynn Wright, David Ostlie 2012 EPS Planter_Wright.pdf
  • Assessing the Environmental Sustainability of Plantation Populus and Pinus in North America.
    Ronald S. Zalesny, Jr., Edmund O. Bauer, Bruce A. Birr, John Brissette, Steve Colombo, Robert E. Froese, Les Groom, Richard B. Hall, Thomas M. Isenhart, Pingxin Lu, Bill Parker, Jessee A. Randall, Ngaire Roubal, Christopher W. Swanston, Adam H. Wiese, JunYong Zhu Zalesny et al POSTER Nov2012.pdf
  • Short Rotation Populus: A Biography and Database of North American Literature, 1989-2011
    Ronald S. Zalesby, Jr., David R. Coyle Zalesny Coyle SRWCOWG database POSTER Nov2012.pdf
Wednesday, November 7, 2012
International SRWC Production and Use

Moderator: Lynn Wright, WrightLink Consulting
  • Kevin Snowden, Short Rotation Crops in New Zealand  
  • Andrew Leslie, The Potential for Eucalyptus as a Woody Energy Crop in the United Kingdo [Slides
  • John Purse, Eucalyptus for Short Rotation Forestry in the British Isles – A Long History of Trials [Slides
  • Laércio Couto, Short Rotation Eucalypt Plantations for Energy in Brazil: an Overview [Slides
  • Richard Sulman, Bionic Beaver Harvester Development and Testing [Slides]
Uses of SRWC for Social and Environmental Benefit/Sustainability

Moderator: Ron Zalesny, US Forest Service, Northern Research Station
  • Michel Labrecque, Root Development in a Willow Vegetation Filter Under Different Irrigation and Fertilization Regimes
  • Eric Holzmueller, Targeting Productive Lands Enrolled in Forest Stewardship Program [Slides
  • William Headlee, Using the 3-PG Model to Predict and Map Hybrid Poplar Biomass Productivity in Minnesota and Wisconsin [Slides
  • Ronald Zalesney, An approach for siting poplar energy production systems to increase productivity and associated ecosystem services [Slides
  • Dennis Hazel, Opportunities in North Carolina for Producing Woody Biomass for Energy on Liability, Marginal, and Non-Productive Land [Slides
  • Virginia Dale, Environmental and Socioeconomic Indicators for Bioenergy Sustainability as Applied to Short Rotation Woody Crop [Slides]
ORNL Tours
  • Arboretum Tour (UT Forestry Research Center located in Oak Ridge)
  • Overview of UT Forestry Research Center Activities by Kevin Hoyt  
  • Overview of Center for Renewable Carbon Activities by Dr. Tim Rials
  • ORNL power plant recently converted to producing syngas from wood chips
Thursday, November 8, 2012
Production Systems for SRWC  (Part 2 – Pines and Sweetgum)

Moderators: Matt Langholtz, Oak Ridge National Laboratory & Lynn Wright, WrightLink Consulting
  • Timothy Albaugh, Identifying Optimal Nutrient Rates and Applications Frequency to Achieve and Maintain High Pinus taeda Plantation Production in the Southeastern United States  
  • Jose Stape, Potential Eucalyptus species and the required silvicultural system for biomass production in the ecological regions of the southeastern United States [Slides]                                           
  • Donald J Kaczmarek, Development of High-Yielding Sweetgum Plantation Systems for Bioenergy Production in the Southeastern United States [Slides]
Harvesting/handling Technology Updates

Moderators: Kevin Hoyt, UT Forest Resources Research and Education Center & Dalia Abbas, Tennessee State University
  • Dalia Abbas, Harvesting of “Small” Material from Natural Stands
  • Chris Keziah & Elliott Barnett, Handing/preparation of biomass wood chips (ORNL Gasification Unit) [Slides1] [Slides2]
  • Dr. Ken Smith, Southern Biomass Harvesting Guideline [Slides
  • Dana Mitchel, Production Results from Harvesting a 5-year Old Poplar Stand
Panel discussion: Commercial Case Studies

Moderator: Mark Downing, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  • Andrew McCall, Maryville college Wood-Fired Boiler Operation [Slides]
  • Richard Schroeder, Wood Utilization - Multiple Considerations, and the Case of the Gainesville Florida Power Plant [Slides]
Wrap Up with Conference Summary and Challenges
Mark Downing, Oak Ridge National Laboratory & Tim Rials, The University of Tennessee

Short Rotation Crops International Conference
7th Biennial Short Rotation Woody Crops Operations Working Group Conference
August 18-22, 2008 in Bloomington, Minnesota​

Information, including published abstracts, from the Short Rotation Crops International Conference held 18-21 August 2008 in Bloomington, MN, USA is available online at www.cinram.umn.edu/srwc.

Newsletter 15​ highlights the information learned and tour sites enjoyed at the conference.